Diagnosis

All pages containing information related to diagnosis of aspergillosis

Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis

CPA is a long term aspergillus infection of the lung and Aspergillus fumigatusis almost always the species responsible for this illness. Sufferers of CPA have healthy immune systems which under usual circumstances would completely eradicate an infection by this fungus. Consequently the infection cannot rapidly invade the patient but manages to inhabit areas of the body where it can find a toehold.

ABPA information

This is a condition where a patient develops an allergy to the spores of Aspergillus moulds. Predominantly it affects asthma patients but also cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis patients. 

Winning medical students

The Aspergillus Trust held annual competitions for medical students to design information leaflets for patients. It was hoped that this would improve awareness of these illnesses amongst the medical profession as well as result in useful leaflets for patients. The leaflets are available for download here.

Winning Medical Students

Diagnosis

Accurate diagnosis has never been straightforward for aspergillosis, but modern tools are being developed rapidly and are now improving the speed and accuracy of diagnosis. 

A patient presenting at the clinic will first be asked to give a history of the symptoms that they have noticed. Depending on this history a number of tests may be requested from  the following list:

  • A blood test

  • X-rays or CT scan of the chest

  • A skin test to measure sensitivity to Aspergillus allergens

Types of aspergillosis

Infectious diseases caused by the fungus Aspergillus are called aspergillosis. The severity of aspergillosis is determined by various factors, but one of the most important is a weakened immune system. Infections can effect any area of the body, but by far the most common are the lungs and sinuses.

There are three distinct groups of people who have aspergillosis:

Welcome

If you are reading this for the first time it probably means that you or someone you are supporting has a suspected or confirmed aspergillosis. There is a lot of information on aspergillosis available on the internet and some of it is alarming, so we should start with the following: there are several different types of aspergillosis, all of which are treatable and it is only acute invasive aspergillosis that needs urgent treatment. You will have many questions about what happens next but let's start with the most obvious ones first.

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